Literary terms refer to the technique, style, and formatting used by writers and speakers to masterfully emphasize, embellish, or strengthen their compositions. Literary terms can refer to playful techniques employed by comedians to make us laugh or witty tricks wordsmiths use to coin new words or phrases.
They can also include the tools of persuasion that writers use to convince and drive audiences to action. With their carefully crafted speeches geared towards both logical and emotional thinking, they challenge our everyday modes of thinking. Literary terms also include powerful figurative language that writers use to summon emotion ranging from guilt to anger to bliss, and to allow us to see the world in new and magical ways. Words can be arranged to give poems, songs, and prose alike, rhythm and musicality.
They can animate a story with such wealth of detail, character development, and action that as readers, we are taken by a story, and feel as if the people on the page are real. Literary terms are important in a wide variety of ways.
They allow writers and speakers to make comments on society, politics, and trends. Rhetorical devices can be used to strengthen arguments which persuade and convince audiences. Poetic figurative language can summon emotions and visions of nature and the world in unique and compelling ways.
Literary terms have the power to create serious, comedic, or whimsical moods via tools of persuasion, poeticism, and wordplay. This depends. The variety of uses for literary terms spans across genres and is remarkably wide-ranging based on the goals or needs of the writer. Below we have categorized this vast subject. One of the most difficult tasks in the world is making people change their minds.
Most of us are stubborn in our thinking and stick to our guns when it comes to views on morality, politics, and our own personal lives. For a rhetorician or speechwriter, writing and speaking in a convincing and persuasive manner is a profession, one which utilizes numerous tools of the trade to appeal to an audience.
The power of persuasion can gain voters for a politician, convince people to take action for a cause, or get you a raise at your job. With appeals to both pure logic and powerful emotion, persuasion is an art that has been employed for centuries. Persuasion is an extremely powerful tool, as gaining the hearts and minds of an audience means gaining their support and action. Persuasion empowers the writer to change the mind of the audience and to compel the audience to take action in a certain way.
Persuasive tools are utilized by politicians, professional speakers, speechwriters, journalists, and poetry and prose writers. Persuasion should be used when convincing others is the goal in mind.Advanced Placement AP. One of the competencies you need to develop for AP Language and Composition is a thorough understanding of rhetorical strategies and techniques. This is because you will both be expected to identify these strategies and techniques in the writing of others and to use them in your own writing.
But given the huge number of rhetorical terms there are, how do you know which ones you need to know and understand? Do you need to know what anaphora is? What about synecdoche?
In this article I'll provide two lists: one of essential key AP Language and Composition terms to know for the exam, and one list of useful bonus words that will serve you well on the exam.
Then I'll advise how to learn and use these terms for AP success! Due to the COVID coronavirus pandemic, AP tests will now be held remotely, and information about how that will work is still evolving. The following list of 37 terms, based on consulting both the AP English Language and Composition Course and Exam Description and free-response material from past years, provides an important overview of the major AP Lang rhetorical devices and techniques you need to know.
With all of this AP Language and Composition vocabulary at your disposal, you'll be a top-notch rhetorical analyst in no time! Each entry has a definition and example or further explanation. Don't be intimidated by the size of this list—many of these are terms you are probably already familiar with!
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Learn more about PrepScholar Admissions to maximize your chance of getting in. Here are 18 bonus AP Language vocabulary terms that, while not absolutely essential to your success on the exam, will be very helpful. They identify some common but obscurely named rhetorical techniques and some additional rhetorical and argumentative strategies.
You might be tempted to bust out some flashcards, do some aggressive memorization, and call yourself finished. However, that's really only the first step of the three-step process of actually learning AP Lang terms. As you initially try to familiarize yourself with these terms and what they mean, it's fine to make flashcards.
You could use the term on one side and the definition on the other, or the definition and the example from the chart on one side and the term on the other—whatever's easier for you.Join group, and play Just play.
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AP Literary Terms List 2
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Other Not Grade Specific. Higher Education. Adult Education. Music Composition.What follows is not an exhaustive list of rhetorical devices you might encounter on the new SAT Essay, but this is a good starting point.
Perhaps the easiest to identify. Statistics are numbers used to suggest factual information. But beware statistics are open to interpretation. Analogy is used when the author makes an extended comparison between 2 things which are alike in many respects to suggest that they may be alike in other respects. Challenging Assumptions occurs when the author wants to present a radical argument, but in order to do so, old ideas must be removed first.
Hypotheticals are the weakest form of logical argument because they rely on imaginary situations. However, in limited circumstances, they can form the base of a larger argument. Authors establish their credibility through experience, education, past actions and even just charisma. When this is referred to a appeal to authority it can become a logical fallacy because we are merely trusting someone in authority. Diction is also referred to a word choice.
English has a vast vocabulary and many words have specific connotations in addition to their denotations. Those connotations carry emotional weight. For Example, thin versus emaciated. Thin has a positive connotation when speaking about peoplebut emaciated has a negative connotation. Syntax is the structure of sentences. Certain sentences due to their constructions are inherently more persuasive than others. These strategies are persuasive because they create the sense that the author has considered all sides of the issue and thus is giving an less biased point of view.
Anecdotes are short descriptions of events that are designed to set up a point or evoke a feeling in the reader. Appeal to Identity can involve more than one rhetorical strategy, but at its heart it creates a sense of belonging with the reader through appeal to experience, the use of collective pronouns we, usthe use of 2nd person youand flattery.
It is also possible that the provided essay will have flawed logic. Being able to identify this will boost your analysis score as it requires more advanced cognition. Below is a list of some common logical fallacies. Loaded Words— Loaded words is the use of connotative language to sway the listeners emotions. Slippery Slope— Slippery Slope suggests that if one small change is made it will automatically lead to disastrous consequences.
Straw Man— Straw Man fallacy occurs when an argument is misrepresented or exaggerated in order to make it easier to attack.
Bandwagon— Bandwagon occurs when a course of action is done by many and there for is right or acceptable. Circular Reasoning begging the question —The conclusion is presented in the premise.
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Factual Evidence examples Factual evidence occurs when the author offers examples of something or provides proof. Reasoning Reasoning is the use of a logical progression of ideas to come to a conclusion. Analogy Analogy is used when the author makes an extended comparison between 2 things which are alike in many respects to suggest that they may be alike in other respects.
Comparison Comparison is when the author compares limited aspects of 2 or more things. Challenging Assumptions Challenging Assumptions occurs when the author wants to present a radical argument, but in order to do so, old ideas must be removed first. Hypotheticals Hypotheticals are the weakest form of logical argument because they rely on imaginary situations. ETHOS Credibility of the Author Authors establish their credibility through experience, education, past actions and even just charisma.Mathematics is a language.
You need to know the terms and notation in order to successfully master the concepts. For more about limits, check out: What is the Limit of a Function? That is.
There are a number of formulas that go along with this definition. First and foremost, the limit definition of the derivative is based finding the slope of the tangent line using a limit.
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Other formulas, such as the Power Rule, Product and Quotient Rules, and Chain Rule, serve to find derivatives of all kinds of functions. For more about derivatives and the various derivative formulas, check out Calculus Review: Derivative Rules. Suppose an object moves along a straight line over time, and suppose the function s t measures the position of the object at any time t. Then the velocity of the object, as a function of time, is the derivative of position.
The reason for this is that velocity is the rate of change of position see item 3 above. The rate of change of velocity is called acceleration. And so acceleration is the derivative of velocity. In other words, acceleration is the second derivative of position. Among all of the derivative rules you have encountered, perhaps the most useful and yet most misunderstood is the chain rule.
The chain rule is a formula for finding the derivative of a composition of functions. What makes this rule so important is that so many important functions are actually compositions of two or more basic functions. You can find more details about the chain rule, along with worked out examples, by clicking AP Calculus Review: Chain Rule.
The logarithm of a number is equal to the exponent on a given base that would give that number. For example, the logarithm in base 2 of the number 32 is 5.
How did all this algebra get into calculus??? First, there is a particular number called e that goes into defining the natural logarithm. The number e is roughly 2.
Second, logarithms play a huge role in certain derivative formulas. Be sure to brush up on your logarithms before the test. A slope field is a certain kind of visualization of a differential equation. While it may seem at first that slope fields are hard to grasp, they are actually quite intuitive. I like to think of the slope field as a map of the currents in a river.
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List of Rhetorical Devices for the SAT Essay
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